Download e-book for iPad: Capturing the Criminal Image: From Mug Shot to Surveillance by Jonathan Finn

February 27, 2018 | Forensic Science | By admin | 0 Comments

By Jonathan Finn

ISBN-10: 0816650691

ISBN-13: 9780816650699

Firstly of the 20 th century, criminals, either alleged and convicted, have been commonly photographed and fingerprinted-and those visible representations in their felony nature have been archived for attainable destiny use. at first of the twenty-first century, a plethora of latest tools-biometrics, DNA research, electronic imagery, and desktop databases-similarly offer new methods for representing the criminal.Capturing the legal photograph strains how the act of representing-and watching-is relevant to fashionable legislations enforcement. Jonathan Finn analyzes the advance of police images within the 19th century to foreground a critique of 3 id practices which are primary to present police paintings: fingerprinting, DNA research, and surveillance courses and databases. He indicates those practices at paintings by way of interpreting particular police and border-security courses, together with numerous that have been tested via the U.S. executive after the terrorist assaults of September eleven, 2001. modern legislation enforcement practices, he argues, place the physique as anything that's in all probability criminal.As Finn finds, the gathering and archiving of identity data-which consist this present day of even more than images or fingerprints-reflect a reconceptualization of the physique itself. And as soon as archived, identity info could be interpreted and reinterpreted in line with hugely mutable and infrequently doubtful conceptions of crime and illegal activity.

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New PDF release: Capturing the Criminal Image: From Mug Shot to Surveillance

Firstly of the 20th century, criminals, either alleged and convicted, have been commonly photographed and fingerprinted-and those visible representations in their felony nature have been archived for attainable destiny use. at the start of the twenty-first century, a plethora of recent tools-biometrics, DNA research, electronic imagery, and computing device databases-similarly supply new methods for representing the legal.

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Most importantly, although fingerprints and Bertillonage measurements were both derived directly from the criminal body, fingerprints afforded a more direct representation of the biological body than did photographic portraits or anthropometric measurements. More than a representation, they were a literal, physical trace or index of the criminal. 33 This is in contrast to “iconic” signs, which are likenesses of the objects they represent, and “symbolic” signs, which refer to abstract concepts and have no natural connection to the objects they represent.

25 By replacing the individual with the group and by reducing human behavior to a sequence of numbers, Quetelet attempted to demonstrate in an inscription, in the form of a single, static, two-dimensional bell Picturing the Criminal 13 curve, the aggregate behavior and characteristics of complete societies. Lombroso would combine this work with the theoretical claims of physiognomy and phrenology in the development of criminal anthropology. The result was individual and social bodies that were interchangeable and that were readily understandable through the interpretation of their external, bodily signs.

He accomplished this by substituting analysis of the individual for that of the group. 25 By replacing the individual with the group and by reducing human behavior to a sequence of numbers, Quetelet attempted to demonstrate in an inscription, in the form of a single, static, two-dimensional bell Picturing the Criminal 13 curve, the aggregate behavior and characteristics of complete societies. Lombroso would combine this work with the theoretical claims of physiognomy and phrenology in the development of criminal anthropology.

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Capturing the Criminal Image: From Mug Shot to Surveillance Society by Jonathan Finn


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