By J. R. Davis
Offers useful discussions on thermodynamic and electrochemical ideas of corrosion, reputation and prevention of assorted kinds of corrosion, kinds of corrosive environments mostly encountered. DLC: Corrosion and anti-corrosives.
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Extra resources for Corrosion: Understanding the Basics
Since the conditions of product or material use are outside of ASM's control, ASM assumes no liability or obligation in connection with any use of this information. As with any material, evaluation of the material under end-use conditions prior to specification is essential. Therefore, specific testing under actual conditions is recommended. Nothing contained in this publication shall be construed as a grant of any right of manufacture, sale, use, or reproduction, in connection with any method, process, apparatus, product, composition, or system, whether or not covered by letters patent, copyright, or trademark, and nothing contained in this publication shall be construed as a defense against any alleged infringement of letters patent, copyright, or trademark, or as a defense against liability for such infringement.
At the boiling point, all oxygen is stripped from the water, and the solubility essentially becomes zero. The corrosion rate of an oxygen-saturated solution based on oxygen solubility would be predicted to decrease with increasing temperature. This effect is often offset by increasing reaction kinetics as temperature increases; however, the corrosion rate drops rapidly at the boiling point because of a discontinuous drop in oxygen concentration. Corrosion Rate Expressions and Allowances Corrosion Rate Expressions.
Some of the solids that form can provide a protective film (passive film) and reduce the corrosion rate of the metal. Complexing agents can combine with ions in solution and increase the apparent solubility of those ions. This is done by tying up a number of those ions in the form of soluble complexes. A result of the presence of complexing agents in a solution can be the prevention of the formation of a protective film. An example of a complexing agent is ammonia with copper. The presence of ammonia species in the solution greatly increases the solubility of copper ions and consequently increases the corrosion rate of copper.
Corrosion: Understanding the Basics by J. R. Davis