By Kosaku Yoshino
The talk approximately Japan's 'uniqueness' is critical to eastern experiences. This publication goals to light up that discuss from a comparative and theoretical standpoint. It additionally assessments theories of ethnicity and cultural nationalism by utilizing Japan as a case study.Yoshino examines how rules of nationwide specialty are `produced' and `consumed' in jap society via a examine of intellectuals, academics and businessmen. He unearths that rules of jap specialty, the nihonjinron, were embraced extra via these in company than in schooling. He seems to be on the eastern notion in their personal 'uniqueness' and on the ways that principles of cultural area of expertise are formulated in numerous nationwide and historic contexts.This super readable e-book combines anthropology and sociology to offer either a ancient research of the roots of the japanese experience of nationwide id and a dialogue of the ways that that feel is altering.
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Extra info for Cultural Nationalism in Contemporary Japan: A Sociological Enquiry
Indian nationalist scholar Banerjea’s remark is illustrative: Approach reverentially the sacred records of your sires. Remember that you are studying the sayings and doings of your revered ancestors, of those for whose sake alone you are now remembered, for whose sake alone the intellectual elite of Europe even now feel a deep and an ardent interest in your welfare. (Banerjea 1880, quoted in Kedourie 1971:62) Kedourie remarks that ‘Banerjea’s argument only articulates and makes explicit the fundamental assumption of nationalist literature, namely, that it is the past of a “nation” which gives it an identity, a meaning, and a future’ (1971:62).
Keichū’s (1640– 1701) philological study of the Manyōshu, an eighth-century anthology of Japanese poetry, gave an important impetus to the later scholars of national learning. Kada no Azumamaro (1669–1736) was more concerned with the revival of Shinto as the ‘ancient way’ (kodō). These two concerns, concerns with ancient literature and the ‘ancient way’, find different expressions in the work of later scholars. Kamo no Mabuchi (1697–1769) went further than Keichū and resurrected the Manyoshū for the purpose of demonstrating how this eighth-century anthology could vividly evoke the sentiments of the ancient Japanese.
It contained what was to be a highly politicised ideology. While the earlier kokugaku scholars respected the philological studies of ancient traditions, Hirata Atsutane (1776–1843) was not merely content with such textual analysis. He emphasised the normative role of kodō (the ancient way) or Shinto, an approach which clashed with the intuitivism of earlier scholars and their criticism of the normativeness of Confucianism. Atsutane was strongly concerned with the formulation of a religious world-view that emphasised reward in the afterworld for living a moral life in this world.
Cultural Nationalism in Contemporary Japan: A Sociological Enquiry by Kosaku Yoshino